It comments on the approaches to and drivers of the Basin's institutional design, and concludes with a discussion on the challenges to effective transboundary governance in the region moving forward.
Transboundary waters face a multiplicity of governance challenges.
Transboundary waters are water resources that are shared by two or more sovereign states, and include international freshwater, international groundwater and international Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs).
The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as Grand Tunis, has some 2,700,000 inhabitants.
Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf of Tunis), behind the Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it.
Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said.