This article surveys the phenomenon by region, drawing on common cultural factors for patterns, but noting country-level distinctions.
For example, fear of kidnap is cited as a reason for the lower participation of girls in the education system.
The mechanism of marriage by abduction varies by location.
Bride kidnapping is not specifically outlawed in Rwanda, though violent abductions are punishable as rape.
According to a criminal justice official, bride kidnappers are virtually never tried in court: "When we hear about abduction, we hunt down the kidnappers and arrest them and sometimes the husband, too.
A 2016 UNICEF evidence review (based on data from 20) estimated that 10 to 13 percent of marriages in the highest risk areas involved abduction, with rates of 1.4 percent to 2.4 percent in lower risk areas of the country.