Cubicles are composed of modular elements such as walls, work surfaces, overhead bins, drawers, and shelving, which can be configured depending on the user's needs.
Installation is generally performed by trained personnel, although some cubicles allow configuration changes to be performed by users without specific training.
The office cubicle was created by designer Robert Propst for Herman Miller, and released in 1967 under the name "Action Office II".
Although cubicles are often seen as being symbolic of work in a modern office setting due to their uniformity and blandness, they afford the employee a greater degree of privacy and personalization than in previous work environments, which often consisted of desks lined up in rows within an open room.
It eventually came to be used for small chambers of all sorts, and for small rooms or study spaces with partitions which do not reach to the ceiling.